Tianjin Academy of Agricultural Sciences (TAAS) was established in 1979 after the reorganization of Tianjin Institute of Paddy Rice, Tianjin Institute of Vegetables and Tianjin Institute of Alkaline Soils Restoration.
TAAS now has developed into a local non-profit comprehensive agricultural research institution focusing on application research with comprehensive disciplines, prominent advantages and strong research capabilities. There are 15 research units, including 10 type one public-benefit institutions, 3 type two public-benefit institutions, and 2 transformation enterprises. Among 516 professional and technical personnel, TAAS has one academician from Chinese Academy of Engineering, 64 State Council experts who enjoy special allowance and 10 experts with outstanding contribution. In addition, 16 personnel of TAAS are selected for “Tianjin 131 talent project” and one research group is selected for “Tianjin 131 innovation team”. TAAS now has four National Research Centers, six Provincial Key Laboratories, and ten Municipal Research Centers.
Since the establishment, TAAS has focused on national & local agricultural science and technology demands, constantly improved subject areas and research directions, established scientific and reasonable discipline distribution, and formed subject system for the needs of Tianjin urban modern agriculture. TAAS has gradually established national advantageous positions in many subject areas, namely breeding of cucumber, cauliflower, cabbage, hybrid rice, agro product fresh-keeping, agro product safe production and processing, agricultural product detection and so on, which guaranteed the technological advantages of TAAS. Entering the twelfth “Five Year Plans”, TAAS has initiated all kinds of science research and popularization programs, among which the percentage of national project increased to nearly 60%. During the same period, there were 127 authorized and registered varieties, including 11 national registered varieties. There were 22 authorized plant varieties and 200 patent authorizations, including 1 United States patent. TAAS got more than 1100 scientific papers published and attained 55 ministerial and provincial-level rewards, including 1 second award of the Scientific and Technological Progress of the State, 7 Chinese Agricultural Science Awards, 2 National Agricultural Harvest Prizes (1 first prize), and 48 awards of the Scientific and Technological Progress of Tianjin (4 first prizes). TAAS has powerful agricultural technology comprehensive strength and extended its great influences to all parts of the country, especially in China’s northern region.
TAAS takes “serving agriculture, rural areas and farmers” as the work guideline, actively explores agricultural science and technology service mode, constantly promotes scientific and technological service capabilities, and promotes the implementation of scientific assistance, technology commissioners staying at villages and enterprises, cooperative projects between this academy and various counties. All the projects mentioned above contribute greatly to Tianjin urban modern agriculture development, beautiful countryside construction and peasants’ income increase.Entering the twelfth “Five Year Plans”, TAAS has extended 235 new varieties and yearly extended new varieties of vegetable and food crops with the area of 5 million acres. The variety of cucumber of northern type which bred by TAAS has lead cucumber plant production in nationwide for years, accounting for nearly 40% of land growth areas in the nation. Sown area of new variety of cauliflower which bred by TAAS accounted for 10 percent of the total in China. Varieties of national registered hybrid rice bred by TAAS accounted for 20 percent of the total in China in the corresponding period. During the same period, TAAS has established 297 experiment and demonstration bases and launched all kinds of technical training 91 thousands person-time. Since the beginning of 2014 Tianjin twinning and helping poor villages project, TAAS has sent out 40 specialists in various fields, like vegetable planting, fruiter planting, animal husbandry and edible fungus to provide technical support for 200 villages in 8 districts of Tianjin, accounting for nearly 50% in the whole city. Meanwhile, as the only national expert service site in Tianjin, TAAS has selected and assigned several scientific cadres to work in regions like Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Tibet and Ningxia, to promote local modern agricultural development, which created great social impacts.